Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, objects, and living spaces a pleasant smell. The amount and type of solvent mix with the fragrance oil dictates whether a perfume is considered a perfume extract
It is impossible to describe a perfume according to its components because the formulas are kept secret. Even if the formulas are known, the ingredients are often too numerous to provide a useful classification. Cognoscenti can, however, generally get a handle on the principal ingredients. On the other hand, it is possible to group perfumes into collective families and describe them through the notes that appear as they slowly evaporate. Perfumes can also be classified according to their concentration.
These include lotions, creams, powders, body splashes, aftershaves, soaps, and other scented cosmetic products that contain variable and very small amounts of fragrance, very often not more than 3%.
Oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to bestow the human body with a pleasurable scent. The odoriferous compounds used to prepare perfume can be manufactured synthetically or extracted from plant or animal sources. The word perfume used today derives from the Latin word Per Fumus, meaning ‘through smoke’. Perfumery, the art of making perfumes, began in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt and was further refined by the Romans and Persians. Although perfume and perfumery also existed in India, most of our homespun fragrances were largely incense based.